Monday, 29 May 2017

The Best Test To Predict Heart Attack

Many of us have lost our dear ones to sudden heart attacks. The incidence of the disease has grown considerably in the Indian society almost on par with that of the western world. Where earlier the most common cases of severe health issues reported at the hospitals were that of diarrhoea, tuberculosis and malaria. But now chest pains have occupied its place.

Attack As A Concern

Heart attack does not cause any externally visible changes like bleeding or swelling. It is highly comparable to an internal accident and is caused due to the lack of oxygenated blood into the heart. If the blood flow is not restored quickly, it could be fatal. The first six hours after the attack is the most crucial. Most cases of heart attack are caused due to coronary heart diseases and heart blocks.

During the time of attack, the colour of heart might change from normal to blue and in severe cases; the lungs get flooded by the stagnant blood flow. An average of about 600 heart attacks is reported every day in the state among which about 120 of them loose their life.


Risk Factors For Heart Attack

The main risk factors that contribute to heart attacks are as follows: -
  • High blood pressure
  • High diabetes
  • Continued stress
  • Obesity
  • Thyroid hormone deficiency
  • Smoking
  • Sedentary lifestyle

 Preventing A Heart Attack

Taking into account the severity of the condition, prevention program for heart attacks involve preventive diagnosis tests to ascertain the heart condition. These include tests like TMT and angiogram which help in detecting heart irregularities. ECG can be considered as a diagnosis test only and does not contribute much in prevention of heart attacks. This is because, ECG can show perfectly normal results even a day before an imminent attack.
WHO recommends TMT as a must performed test for all over the age of 40 years. TMT or Tread Mill Test should be performed under the supervision of a skilled professional. It can be done at a charge of about Rs. 1500.

Dr. Kuldeep Chulliparambil is a leading heart bypass surgeon in Kochi, experienced in dealing with various heart related ailments.
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