Monday, 29 May 2017

The Best Test To Predict Heart Attack

Many of us have lost our dear ones to sudden heart attacks. The incidence of the disease has grown considerably in the Indian society almost on par with that of the western world. Where earlier the most common cases of severe health issues reported at the hospitals were that of diarrhoea, tuberculosis and malaria. But now chest pains have occupied its place.

Attack As A Concern

Heart attack does not cause any externally visible changes like bleeding or swelling. It is highly comparable to an internal accident and is caused due to the lack of oxygenated blood into the heart. If the blood flow is not restored quickly, it could be fatal. The first six hours after the attack is the most crucial. Most cases of heart attack are caused due to coronary heart diseases and heart blocks.

During the time of attack, the colour of heart might change from normal to blue and in severe cases; the lungs get flooded by the stagnant blood flow. An average of about 600 heart attacks is reported every day in the state among which about 120 of them loose their life.


Risk Factors For Heart Attack

The main risk factors that contribute to heart attacks are as follows: -
  • High blood pressure
  • High diabetes
  • Continued stress
  • Obesity
  • Thyroid hormone deficiency
  • Smoking
  • Sedentary lifestyle

 Preventing A Heart Attack

Taking into account the severity of the condition, prevention program for heart attacks involve preventive diagnosis tests to ascertain the heart condition. These include tests like TMT and angiogram which help in detecting heart irregularities. ECG can be considered as a diagnosis test only and does not contribute much in prevention of heart attacks. This is because, ECG can show perfectly normal results even a day before an imminent attack.
WHO recommends TMT as a must performed test for all over the age of 40 years. TMT or Tread Mill Test should be performed under the supervision of a skilled professional. It can be done at a charge of about Rs. 1500.

Dr. Kuldeep Chulliparambil is a leading heart bypass surgeon in Kochi, experienced in dealing with various heart related ailments.
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Friday, 12 May 2017


Aortic aneurysm is an irregularity occurring in the aorta blood vessel which carries blood rich in oxygen from the heart to other parts of the body. The irregularity occurs in the form of bulge in the aorta. The bulge if burst can lead to excessive bleeding causing threat to life. Sever and rapidly growing cases of aortic aneurysm is treated with the help of aortic aneurysm surgeries.
Although aneurysm can occur in any part of the aorta, the most commonly found aortic aneurysm occurs in the stomach area or in the upper part of the body. They are known as abdominal aortic aneurysm and thoracic aortic aneurysm respectively.

Symptoms Of Aortic Aneurysm

Usual cases of aortic aneurysm do not show any symptoms. However some symptoms like back, chest or abdominal pain is some times reported in patients. Rupture of aneurysm, which is a risky and life threatening condition causes severe pain and bleeding.

Causes Of Aortic Aneurysm

Aorta walls are known to have elastic and stretchable properties. Conditions like artery hardening of high blood pressure result in weakening of aorta. Wear and tear due to aging can also contribute to the weakening process. The weakened aorta shrinks or bulges out leading aortic aneurysm.

Aortic AneurysmTreatment

Severe cases of aortic aneurysm are treated with the help of surgeries. The popular surgery used for the treatment of aortic aneurysm is endovascular surgery. The procedure maybe conducted under general anaesthesia and involves making incisions near the groin area to access the femoral artery.

A stent in the form of a metal loop and an artificial graft are inserted into the artery and the aneurysm is made to contract over it. Endovascular surgery guarantees lesser pain and faster recovery than the conventional open surgery. A hospitalisation period of about 5 days is required after the surgery.

Dr. Kuldeep Chulliparambil is a leading cardiac surgeon, with a wealth of experience in treating different types of cardiac disorders.

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